Please attach a 500-750 word essay that answers one of the questions listed below.
Option 1 In the internet age it is easier to learn more about companies from which we buy products, and a consumer often - but not always - has more choices about which companies to patronize. If the head of a company has political, economic, or social views which you learn about and find problematic or distasteful, is it ethical to boycott publicly or privately while knowing that lower-level employees, who may not share those views and may not have other employment options in that area, will also be negatively impacted?
Option 2 In Elan Mastai’s 2017 novel All Our Wrong Todays, the scientist Lionel Goettreider postulates the theory of the “Accident”: “[W]hen you invent a new technology, you also invent the accident of that technology. When you invent the car, you invent the car accident. When you invent the plane, you also invent the plane crash. When you invent nuclear fission, you also invent the nuclear meltdown.” Goettreider then argues that an inventor cannot turn on or use a new invention until they identify its accident and figure out how to prevent it.
Consider an emerging or speculative technology of your choice. What is the accident of that technology? Can there be multiple accidents, some direct and some incidental? Is it the responsibility of the technology’s inventors, designers, and promoters to consider the accident of that technology and develop a means of prevention?
Option 3 Over a decade ago, 40 of America's wealthiest individuals signed the Giving Pledge, and made a commitment to give away most of their fortunes to various charities throughout the remainder of their lifetime or upon death. Over 200 billionaires from around the world have followed suit and committed most of their fortunes to philanthropies from research and education to environmental causes. Do the extremely wealthy have a social responsibility to share much of their wealth? What social issues or ethical questions arise if great wealth is handed on to family heirs across multiple generations? Assuming an individual acquired a great fortune legally, what ethical questions are involved in the question of how those resources are ultimately distributed?
Option 4 Choosing a president through a nationwide election in the United States has maintained the dominance of a two-party system in American politics, with each party assembling bodies of voters who may not agree on a full range of issues but who vote together in an effort to elect a compatible candidate or to block an undesired one. Some voters, some political observers, and some scholars have argued that it would be better if the American political system promoted the inclusion of more parties which could put forward candidates representing the specific values and commitments of significant blocks of voters. They imagine, for example, a Congress composed in a political pattern similar to several other industrial states with parties of the right, center right, center left, and left, where no single party gets an absolute majority and thus they must negotiate continually to build majorities in support of new legislation. Would this system make voters more engaged? Would it lead to more effective governing? Why or why not?